WMS:Editing DEM Elevations
While DEMs are simple to use and more commonly available than TIN data, they are more difficult to edit or adjust, primarily because of the number of elevation points that must be changed in order to have a corresponding effect on the drainage characteristics of a watershed. However, there are a few things that can be done, and if kept to a reasonable amount can be powerful in using a DEM for watershed delineation, but remember that data can not be manufactured. If making numerous unexpected edits, then consider acquiring a different elevation source.
Editing Single Points
A single elevation can be edited by selecting it with the Select DEM Points tool and adjusting the z value in the Edit Window, or by double-clicking and bringing up the DEM Point Attributes dialog. Other properties such as defining a depression point or manually changing the flow direction can also be edited in the DEM Point Attributes dialog.
Editing Elevations with a Feature Arc
The Edit Elevations command in the DEM menu is used in conjunction with a selected arc to adjust the elevations of all DEM cells that lie beneath the selected arc. Double-clicking on an arc while in the Terrain Data module will also activate the Edit DEM Elevations dialog.
The tools at the top of the dialog can be used to select and edit individual locations along the DEM, zoom, pan, refresh, or re-center. There are three ways to edit the elevations:
Select individual DEM points and adjust the elevation
Set/Offset all elevations by a given value
It is possible to set all elevations to a constant elevation, or enter an elevation to adjust all selected DEM points up (positive offset) or down (negative offset).
Linearly Interpolate between first and last elevation
It is possible to linearly interpolate all elevations between the first and last elevation. Some may wish to edit the first and last elevation first. Of course this will make the channel artificially smooth, but it still may be more realistic for the channel than the irregular nature of DEM elevations as a result. In this fashion, adjust the channel to slope to a known value.
WMS – Watershed Modeling System
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