There are two main projection dialogs used in SMS, GMS, and WMS: The Display Projection dialog, and the Object Projection dialog. From each of these, the Select Projection dialog can be accessed. More detailed information about each projection and the information in these dialogs can be found in the Projections article.
Display Projection Dialog
The Display Projection dialog contains settings which are applied to the project as a whole.
The Horizontal section of the dialog has two options available via radio buttons:
- No projection – This option doesn't set a projection, and only allows adjusting the horizontal Units used in the project. The available units include:
- "U. S. Survey Feet". Equal to 1200⁄3937 meters, approximately 0.3048006096 meters.
- "International Feet". Equal to 0.3048 meters.
- "Meters". Equal to the distance traveled by light in vacuum within 1⁄299792458 of a second.
- "Inches". Equal to 1⁄39.37 of a meter.
- "Centimeters". Equal to 1⁄100 of a meter.
- Global projection – Clicking on the Set Projection button allows more specific projections to be set. These are listed below in the Select Projection Dialog section.
The Vertical section has two drop-down boxes:
- Projection, giving the following options:
- Units, giving the following options:
- "U. S. Survey Feet"
- "International Feet"
Object Projection Dialog
The Object Projection dialog is the same as the Display Projection dialog, but only applies to one specific object (e.g., a coverage or a mesh). It can be accessed by selecting the object in the Project Explorer, then right-clicking on it and selecting Projection... from the menu.
Select Projection Dialog
The Select Projection dialog is accessed through the Set Projection... button in either the Display Projection dialog or the Object Projection dialog. It allows setting global projections for the project or for a specific object. It contains a single Projection tab with several options and sections.
All lists of drop-down selections are given in the order in which they appear in the drop-down.
Projection and Zone
There are many options available from the Projection drop-down:
|List of Projections|
|The Projection drop-down contains the following options. If there is Zone information for a particular projection, the zones will be listed directly beneath the projection as an indented list.|
To the right of the Projection drop-down are three buttons:
- Load From File...: Allows a projection to be loaded from an external file. The accepted file formats are PRJ and SPR (PRJ is preferable).
- Save to File...: Allows the projection information set in this dialog to be saved as a PRJ file.
- Init from EPSG...: Opens a dialog where an EPSG Projection Code can be entered.
Datums in italics are not actual options. The available options for that entry are listed in the indented list directly below it.
|List of Datums|
Create New Datum Dialog
The Create New Datum dialog (right) allows for the creation of a new datum if the available datums (the list above) do not cover the needs of the project. There are a number of different fields and options in this dialog. These are detailed below:
- Datum Name: Enter the desired name for the new datum.
- Abbreviation (Optional): An optional field for a shortened version of the Datum Name.
- Prime Meridian (Degrees): Enter the prime meridian.
- Ellipsoid (Spheroid) Selection: This section consists of a drop-down list and two buttons:
- Add Ellipsoid...: This button brings up the Custom Ellipsoid Setup dialog. It has the following fields:
- Ellipsoid Name: Enter the desired name of the ellipsoid.
- Semi-Major Axis (meters): Enter the length of the semi-major axis.
- The two radio button options are:
- Edit Ellipsoid...: Allows editing of a custom ellipsoid (one created with the Add Ellipsoid... button).
- The drop-down list options are:
|Drop-down list options|
- Datum Transformation Method: This section consists of four radio button options:
- 3-parameter (Molodensky) Transformation: Uses the Molodensky transformation method.
- 7-parameter (Bursa-Wolfe) Transformation (Position Vector Rotation): Uses seven parameters: "three translations, three rotations, and a scale correction factor".
- 7-parameter (Bursa-Wolfe) Transformation (Coordinate Frame Rotation): Variation of the above.
- Custom Shift Based on Control Point File: Selecting this options brings up an Open dialog which allows choosing a Control Point File with the necessary data to set the datum transformation method. This file is a text file with entries (one per line) in the following format:
- Shifts to WGS84 (meters): This section allows the X Shift, Y Shift, and Z Shift to be manually set for the new datum.
- Rotation to WGS84: This section allows setting the X, Y, and Z in for the new datum by selecting from the Units drop-down:
- Scale Correction to WGS84 (parts per million): This section allows setting the Scale (ppm) for the new datum.
The planar unit is simply the measuring format used in the projection. Select the appropriate one from the list.
|List of Planar Units|
In the Parameters section, the Attribute and Value columns contain information specific to the Projection and Zone selected.
|UTM:||Africa • Asia • Australia • Europe • North America • South America|
|State Plane:||Alaska • Hawaii • Mideast • Midwest • New England • Northwest • South Central • Southeast • Southwest • Virgina Area|
|Other||CPP • Geographic|