| This contains information about functionality available starting at SMS version 13.0.
The content may not apply to other versions.
Floodway delineation is the process by which an area is marked for use as a floodway. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) defines a floodway as follows:
A "Regulatory Floodway" means the channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land areas that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the water surface elevation more than a designated height.
The Floodway tool in SMS is used to delineate approximate floodway extent arcs based on the geometry of the mesh, scatter set, or Cartesian grid used in the project. It is accessed by right-clicking on the 1D hydraulic centerline coverage and selecting Floodway... to bring up the Floodway dialog (right).
- A mesh or scatter set must be selected. Click Select... to bring up the Select Tree Item dialog. It will display any appropriate datasets.
- A depth dataset must be selected. This dataset should the one from under the selected mesh. Click Select... to bring up the Select Tree Item dialog. It will display any appropriate datasets.
- A velocity dataset must be selected. This dataset should the one from under the selected mesh. Click Select... to bring up the Select Tree Item dialog. It will display any appropriate datasets.
- Cross Section Coverage
- A cross section coverage must be selected. Click Select... to bring up the Select Tree Item dialog. It will display any applicable map coverages.
- WSE Maximum Rise
- The target maximum rise in water surface elevation. FEMA's maximum allowable rise criterion is 1 foot or less. The default value is "1.0".
- WSE Minimum Rise
- The target minimum rise in water surface elevation. The Floodway tool uses the minimum rise input as a lower bound for the computed rise as it iterates through the calculations. Setting a larger difference between the minimum and maximum values yields a more loosely defined floodway delineation. It is typically recommended that this value be set close to the target maximum rise. The default value is "0.9995".
- Initial Flux
- This is a percentage of the total flow. The initial flux is the percentage of flow that the method will attempt first, as this is an iterative process. The method determines how far in from both sides that vertical walls can be placed and raise the center of flow by the target maximum rise. The method determines the point where the initial flux has been reached from the closest bank, and then simulates a vertical wall and eliminates the flow area between this point and the closest dry bank. The center flow area is increased until the flow area times its velocity accounts for the total flow.
- If the increased depth is lower than the acceptable range, the percentage of flux is increased and the computations repeated. If the increased depth is higher than the acceptable range, the flux percentage is reduced and the computations repeated. If it is within the acceptable range, the method is complete. The default value is "5.0".
- Use flow trace
- Checking this box turns on flow trace. Flow trace will create smoother floodway extent arcs between each cross section by using the 2D datasets to trace a flow path between each cross section. The image to the right shows a good example of this. The black lines used flow trace, and the greenish lines did not.