# Difference between revisions of "SMS:RMA2 Material Properties"

For an in depth discussion of the RMA2 material properties, consult the RMA2 Users Guide. [1] [2]

## Contents

### Turbulence

The global turbulence values (specified in the RMA2 model control) can be overridden for each material.

• Standard eddy viscosity method
• Exx - The x-momentum of turbulent exchange in the x-direction (lb-sec/ft2 or Pascal-sec for SI-units)
• Exy - The x-momentum of turbulent exchange in the y-direction (lb-sec/ft2 or Pascal-sec for SI-units)
• Eyx - The y-momentum of turbulent exchange in the x-direction (lb-sec/ft2 or Pascal-sec for SI-units)
• Eyy - The y-momentum of turbulent exchange in the y-direction (lb-sec/ft2 or Pascal-sec for SI-units)
• Note: 1 lb-sec/ft2 = 47.879 Pascal-sec
• Smagorinski method
• TBFACT - Smagorinsky coefficient for turbulent exchange. A negative value applies the default coefficient (0.05).
• TBFACTS - Not applied in RMA2. Smagorinsky coefficient for diffusion (Vorticity). A negative value applies the default coefficient (0.05).
• TBMINF - Smagorinsky minimum turbulent exchange factor. A negative value applies the default coefficient (1.0).
• TBMINFS - Not applied in RMA2. Smagorinsky minimum diffusion (Vorticity) factor. A negative value applies the default coefficient (1.0).

### Roughness

The global roughness value (specified in the RMA2 model control) can be overridden for each material. The material roughness can be specified as a single value, or depth dependent.

### Marsh porosity

The global marsh porosity values (specified in the RMA2 model control) can be overridden for each material. Since wetting and drying cause abrupt changes to the shape of the finite element mesh, numerical stability problems can result when wetting and drying occurs. In an attempt to address the fact that wetting and drying is a continuous process, while the mesh is a discreet data set, marsh porosity was implemented for RMA2. When marsh porosity is used, elements are considered "dry" only if ALL nodes on the element are dry.

Abrupt changes in the marsh porosity parameters between adjacent node can lead to divergence. The results from a simulation using marsh porosity can be difficult to interpret due to the fact that partly dry marsh elements appear completely wet even thought the water surface elevation is lower than part of the element.

Marsh porosity is only available when running a dynamic RMA2 simulation.

### Wind

According to the RMA2 model documentation, "Because of lack of experience in using storms in a simulation, this feature remains experimental."

Wind shear stress at the water surface is caused by friction between the moving air and water. The shear stress coefficient is a function of wind speed. The global wind values (specified in the RMA2 model control) can be overridden for each material.

Wind parameters are only available when running a dynamic RMA2 simulation.

### Rainfall

The global rainfall and evaporation values (specified in the RMA2 model control) can be overridden for each material.

### Coriolis

The global coriolis values (specified in the RMA2 model control) can be overridden for each material.