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The User Gage Weighting method allows defining one or more gages for each sub-basin in the watershed model.

The method of defining gages in HMS is similar to the method of defining gages in HEC-1. For each basin, define one or more total storm gages and one recording gage. WMS has the capability to automatically determine gage weights for each sub-basin using the Thiessen polygon method. The data required for the "User Gage Weighting" method are shown below:

HMS Meteorological Model dialog for the "User Gage Weighting" method.

If there is a Map or DEM-based watershed associated with a coordinate system, import NEXRAD RADAR grids in XMRG format and WMS will convert the radar data to gages in a rain gage coverage in the current coordinate system. The RADAR grids are read by selecting the Radar Data→Rain Gages button and defining the grids and the time step associated with the grids.

Here is how to define meteorological data for each sub-basin using the user gage weighting method:

  1. Select the Define button under the total storm gages column. The following HMS Gage Weights dialog will appear:
    HMS Gage Weights dialog
  2. Define any rain gage data that exists by selecting the Gages button. The Rain Gage Properties dialog will appear. Enter gage data for any storm total stations (total storm precipitation values) and at least one temporal distribution station (XY series of precipitation values for the entire storm).
    HEC-1 Gages dialog
  3. After done defining all the gage data, go back to the HMS Gage Weights dialog and add one or more gage weights associated with a total storm gage station. Enter the weights for each of these gages, as shown below.
    HMS Gage Weights dialog
  4. Go back to the HMS Meteorological Model dialog, select the Define button under Recording Gages, and define one recording gage for the basin. This is a gage which defines the temporal distribution of the rainfall. Normally, define only a single recording gage, though it is possible to define more than one.
    HMS Gage Weights dialog
  5. Go back to the HMS Meteorological Model dialog and (optionally) enter index precipitation values for each sub-basin. This index precipitation accounts for regional precipitation variation between sub-basins.

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